Hot News

Why Arrest Of Dalit Activists – ‘Urban Naxals’?

Why Arrest Of Dalit Activists – ‘Urban Naxals’?

The violence in Bhima Koregaon is still reverberating. On January 1 this year, thousands of Dalits returning after Elgar Parishad, an event organised to commemorate the bicentenary celebrations of the Bhima-Koregaon battle, were beaten up. In that context, the names of two pro-Hindutva leaders in Maharashtra, Milind Ekbote and Sambhaji Bhide, cropped up as the instigators of violence. The probe is still on. However, in early June, five activists – Mahesh Raut, Rona Wilson, Surendra Gadling, Shoma Sen and Sudhir Dhawale – working for issues related to Adivasis and dalits were arrested allegedly for their ‘linkage’ with the clashes. Now in the month of September, there was an attempt to arrest Gautam Navlakha, Sudha Bhardwaj, Varavara Rao, Vernon Gonsalves and Arun Ferreira, while houses of Anand Teltumbde and many others were raided. The charge as per police version is that all these activists were behind Bhima Koregaon violence, in the organizing of Elgar Parishad, where inflammatory speeches were delivered, leading to violence. In a surreal manner, the police have succeeded in producing a letter ‘unearthing the conspiracy’ to kill the Prime Minister Mr. Narendra Modi. Interestingly, the attempt to arrest these activists was halted due to the intervention of Supreme Court, which gave a sort of dressing down to the police, telling them that arresting these activists is like doing away with the safety valve of our democracy. These activists have been put under house arrest till further hearing.

All through, different political individuals and organizations have affirmed that these arrests, earlier and now, are an attempt to intimidate the Dalit activists, meant to instil fear among them, these are vindictive and arbitrary. According to Aakar Patel, Executive Director of Amnesty International, “This is not the first time that activists working on Dalit and Adivasi rights have been arrested with little evidence.” “The government should protect people’s rights to freedom of expression, association, and peaceful assembly instead of creating an atmosphere of fear,” he asserted. Now European Union has taken a note of these arbitrary arrests by police and has condemned these arrests and raids. It is due to actions like this by the State that India has been named as one of the offenders for 'alarming' level of harsh reprisals and intimidation against those who cooperate with the UN on human rights issues.

The Supreme Court has been forthright in doubting the police action against these activists. This phenomenon of reprisals against Human rights defenders is very disturbing and also points to the direction in which the present government’s Hindu nationalist agenda is leading the country. In Bhima Koregaon the blame is being put on Elgar Parishad speeches. Most of these activists who are arrested have nothing to do with the organizing of ‘Elgar Parishad’. Retired Supreme Court Judge P. B. Sawant and Retired Bombay High Court Justice Kolse Patil have stated that they were the conveners of this meeting. So the question does arise as to why these activists have been arrested. It seems the major goal of this Government, guided by Hindutva agenda, is to label every dissent as anti-national; at the same time, all attempts are on to suppress and snub those who are trying to help the Dalits to assert their dignity and demand their rights.

One cannot forget that with this government coming to power, the Dalit assertion has been targeted all through. Starting with banning of Periyar Ambedkar study circle (IIT Madras), they went on to target the Ambedkar Students Association in Hyderabad Central University leading to the institutional murder of Rohith Vemula. In the aftermath of Vemula’s suicide, massive upsurge of Dalits all over the country did give rise to a Dalit movement, with other social groups chipping in for support. As Hindutva agenda of Holy Cow-Beef unfolded, with targeting of Muslim community, an unexpected parallel to this came up in the form of four Dalit youth being stripped and beaten mercilessly. All over the country, the discontent of Dalits erupted in the form of agitations launched by another Dalit young man, Jignesh Mevani, who successfully organized the protests around cow issue, to emerge as a powerful voice of Dalits. He has tried to combine the Dalit identity and dignity with land ownership, the lack of which is the core problem of Dalits in the country.

The present political agenda has tried to push the Muslim minorities into second class citizenship by picking up issues like Ram Temple, Cow-Beef, Love Jihad and Ghar Wapasi (Reconversion into Hinduism). Labelling Muslims and Christians as foreigners and in particular Muslims as anti-national has been the plank of their politics. As far as dalits are concerned, RSS combine has been doing multiple strategies to co-opt them into their fold. The first major attempt has been that of Samajik Samrasta Manch (Social Harmony Forum), where the central theme has been to promote harmony between different castes, as RSS propagates that caste inequality is due to the Muslim invaders who tried to convert, leading to caste inequality. This has been backed up by social engineering where attempts have been made to co-opt dalits and even Adivasis into the ideology which hides inequality. Also many a dalit leaders like Ramvilas Paswan, Ramdas Athawale and Udit Raj have been lured into the posts of power to get their support for Hindu nationalism. At the cultural level, they have modulated historical icons like Suhel Dev as great Hindu warriors standing against the foreigners, the Muslims.

The rebellion is still spilling out; the unrest of Dalits is on the streets. The question of equality and dignity of Dalits remains undermined. It is in this light that Maharashtra police is desperately trying to implicate those activists/scholars who have stood their ground to help bring up the movement of rights for these marginalized groups; and hence the attempts to implicate them with a conference, which was convened by two retired judges. Alert citizens like Romila Thapar have done a yeomen service in invoking the Supreme Court to save the democratic ethos by stopping the reckless police action. Supreme Court has yet again proved that it can protect the rights of the marginalized sections.

(Published on 01st October 2018, Volume XXX, Issue 40)