Seventy years ago on 30 January 1948, Mahatma Gandhi was assassinated. On his death, in an impromptu and highly emotional radio address to the nation, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, the then Prime Minister of India said, “ the light has gone out of our lives and there is darkness everywhere.” Nehru went on to add, “The light has gone out, I said, and yet I was wrong. For the light that shone in this country was no ordinary light. The light that has illumined this country for these many years will illumine this country for many more years, and a thousand years later, that light will be seen in this country and the world will see it and it will give solace to innumerable hearts. For that light represented something more than the immediate past, it represented the living, the eternal truths, reminding us of the right path, drawing us from error, taking this ancient country to freedom”. Nehru thus voiced the sentiments of millions of Indians- then and perhaps even today!
Mahatma Gandhi did have his share of detractors; even today, there are several critics of his thoughts and actions. There are some basics of his vision however, which can never be disputed; like his twin doctrine of ‘satyagraha’ (the force of truth) and ‘ahimsa’ (nonviolence) which did not go down well with a section of Indians. His determination to work for more egalitarian and inclusive society where the poor, the downtrodden and the outcastes had a voice was also abhorred by these. Nehru in his eulogy used words like ‘light’, ‘truth’, ‘right path’, ‘freedom’. Gandhi ultimately had to pay the price for living these values. Godse, a right wing Hindu extremist who assassinated him, represented all that was wrong in Indian society. The assassination of Gandhi was the murder of the ‘father of the nation’ and much more.
That murder continues today too in direct and subtle ways. The likes of Godse and their ilk, rule the roost, systematically destroying the idea of India and cherished values like secularism and pluralism. The Constitution of India, which has been the mainstay of the country with its core principles of justice, liberty, equality and fraternity is sought to be changed. No opportunity is missed to denigrate the minorities particularly the Muslims and the Christians. Fascist groups move with impunity determining what one can eat or wear, read and even which films to see. The Dalits, tribals and several other marginalized sections of society are at the receiving end of a system which caters to a few rich and powerful people.
Today those who stand up and speak out for truth and justice; those who take a stand for the vulnerable and the victimized, have to pay a heavy price. Articulate and objective journalists, who relentlessly have crusaded for the truth like Gauri Lankesh, are brutally murdered. Media houses, which take on the Government or their henchmen, have false cases foisted on them and are even sued for ‘defamation’. Some outstanding intellectuals and rationalists like Narendra Dabholkar, MM Kalburgi and Govind Pansare have been killed because of their outspoken views against the Hindutva agenda. Other intellectuals and writers are defamed, harassed, and even threatened with sedition. One does require too much of intelligence to realise that a fairly large section of the media in India today – has become compliant and cowardly, falling easy prey to the corrupt and the powerful.
Human Rights Defenders in India have also been facing a running battle with ‘officialdom .’ Students from prestigious Universities across the country – who have had the audacity to think differently, to defend the secular ethos of the country and freedom of expression, have been hounded, beaten and ostracized. Some have committed suicide and at least one prominent student has just ‘disappeared’. In several cases, there is the blatant misuse of official machinery like the police, the Income-Tax Department and even the judiciary, to intimidate those who stand up for what is right. Even upright Government Officials who refuse to ‘toe the line’ or support mafias who have a nexus with the political class – are either transferred to a posting of irrelevance or just denied a promotion which is merited.
On 2 October 2016 a bust of Gandhi’s assassin Nathuram Godse was installed and unveiled in Meerut by members of the Akhil Bharatiya Hindu Mahasabha. The dictum on that day was clear in the words of one of their office-bearers” “our step signifies that it is time all Indians stop following Gandhi’s footsteps and start worshipping Godse”. That some Indians can think speak and act in such a manner does augur well for the values for which Gandhi lived and died for – particularly the secular and inclusive fabric of the country. What is even more worrying is that neither the State nor the Central Government has prevented such an act. ANHAD, the well-known human rights organization launched a very effective campaign some time ago through a very meaningful poster: a very powerful image of a Gandhi on the move, but his spectacles broken on the floor; with the caption, “walk in his footsteps, not in those of his killers.”
Every year 30 January (anniversary of Gandhi’s martyrdom) is observed by the Catholic Church in India as a special ‘Day of Prayer for Peace’. The focus this year was the message of Pope Francis for the day calling upon all men and women of goodwill to embrace in a spirit of compassion, the refugees and the displaced, “ all those fleeing from war and hunger, or forced by discrimination, persecution, poverty and environmental degradation to leave their homelands.” Words, which certainly resonate with the person and message of Gandhi.
Gandhi once wrote, “Many people, especially ignorant people, want to punish you for speaking the truth, for being correct, for being you. Never apologize for being correct, or for being years ahead of your time. If you are right and you know it, speak your mind. Even if you are a minority of one, the truth is still the truth.” A powerful message indeed. The writing on wall in the India of today is very clear: we have Godses and we have Gandhis -if you dare take the side of Gandhi and walk in his footsteps, just be ready to pay the price!
( The writer is a human rights activist. He is currently based in Lebanon, engaged with the Jesuit Refugee Service (JRS) in the Middle East on advocacy and communications. Contact: email@example.com)
(Published on 05th February 2018, Volume XXX, Issue 06)